Indonesia Arabica coffee beans are cultivated with intensive care by local farmers and processed with diverse processing methods, starting from wet-hulled, honey, natural, and washed. Six regions are known to cultivate and produce the most famous Arabica coffees in Indonesia.
What to know more about Indonesia Arabica coffee? Read the history and the best regions producing the best Indonesian Arabica coffee in the following sections.
The history of Indonesian Arabica coffee plantations began in 1696 during the Dutch occupation. Although it is not a native plant, the archipelago has fertile soil appropriate for Arabica coffee cultivation. The plantation started in Batavia (now Jakarta), then spread to other islands of Sumatra and Sulawesi in the 1700s.
However, there was a problem with growing Indonesia specialty coffee in Indonesia. Several years later, coffee rust disease almost annihilated all Arabica coffee types, which led to changing the plantations to cultivate Robusta coffee. Right now, Arabica coffee plants survive and contribute to around 15% of total coffee production in Indonesia.
There are 6 regions known to produce the best Indonesia Arabica coffee beans. Below is the list of each:
Sumatra is the biggest coffee producer in Indonesia, cultivating many famous Arabica coffee such as Aceh Gayo, Mendhaling, Sidikalang, Lintong, and more. The wet-hulled process is the characteristic of most Sumatran coffees.
The first and oldest coffees come from Java island. Sometimes, “Java Coffee” refers to the best quality Arabica coffee from Indonesia. Arabica Ijen, Java Preanger, and Hyang Argopuro are a few examples.
Arabica Bali Kintamani is the signature of this island, mainly processed with the washed method. The coffee has a unique citrus flavor, rich aroma, and medium to high acidity.
The most popular Arabica coffee from Sulawesi is Toraja. It has a light body and medium acidity with a smooth finish, keeping the coffee well-balanced.
Flores produces high-quality Flores Bajawa and Flores Manggarai Arabica coffees. Both have a moderate acidity with floral, chocolate, and caramel flavors.
Papua is known to grow Baliem Wamena Arabica coffee. The coffee trees grow naturally in the forests without using modern tools or chemical fertilizers. It has a medium body and acidity with caramel, chocolate, and floral herb flavors.
Having trouble choosing which Indonesia Arabica coffee beans suit your preference? Talk to our experts to consult your personal and business requirements! We also have many high-quality Arabica coffees, such as Aceh Gayo, Mendheling, Bali Kintamani, etc., available in our shop.